Our planet seen from space looks like a ball of “blue marble” because of the predominance of water. Nevertheless, water is an unevenly distributed resource with limited availability, because of its potability.
In 1972, at a distance of 45,000 kilometers, the crew of Apollo 17 photographed the earth entirely illuminated by the sun. In this perspective, the planet looked like a blue ball and was nicknamed the “Blue Marble”.
This coloration results from the predominance of water on the surface of the globe. In fact, more than two-thirds (2/3) of the Earth’s surface is covered with water and less than one third is occupied by land.
The distribution of water on our planet
While 97% of the planet is saltwater, only 3% is fresh water and only one-third of that percentage can be used by humans, with the remaining two-thirds in glaciers and snow permed. In addition, this 1% of drinking water that can be used by humans on the planet Earth is not only surface water, but the total amount of water that is dispersed in the atmosphere and in the soil. .
It is by recognizing this very unequal distribution of fresh water in the world that we may be able to begin to understand why water has been dubbed “the blue gold of the 21st century”.
Water is therefore a limited resource, a source of life and the basis of all human activities, from drinking to washing, which is essential to cultivate the land and produce most of the food necessary for sustenance.
Although water is a precious resource, its presence and availability is often taken for granted. Consumed and polluted without too much concern.
Read also: Drinking Water in Ivory Coast
Water Management and Treatment Policies
Globally, most of the world’s water is used for activities related to agriculture or direct consumption. With its demand Estia Synergie Côte d’Ivoire specialized in the treatment of water proposes to treat it and make it suitable for consumption closer to the populations who need it.
The technique used in the “Solar Pump and Drink” uses solar energy to capture raw water at more than 20m depth and 100m distance in order to store it in a 4m³ tank included with the unit.
Real community development tool, the solar water pumps, also provide night lighting and a mobile phone charging system. Equipped with an overflow system, the 4m³ tank offers the possibility to use the surplus water for agricultural development or other economic activities.
The knowledge of the supply chain
Only through knowledge and supervision of the entire supply chain of different products can you think of a set of good water management policies, not only as direct consumers of this commodity, but also as how we consume water indirectly. It is important to understand not only the roles of producers and consumers, but also retailers, industries and each intermediary in the chain is involved.